Morita, A., Araki, T., Ikegami, S., Okaue, M., Sumi, M., Ueda, R., and Sagara, Y. 2015. Coupled stepwise PLS-VIP and ANN modeling for identifying and ranking aroma components conforming palatability of cheddar cheese ⇒_pdf ⇒CiNii ⇒J-STAGE Food Science and Technology Research 21: 175-186. （査読有） Abstract A consumer-oriented methodological approach for the quality evaluation of Cheddar cheese as a typical fermented food was developed. Datasets were obtained from gas chromatography/olfactometry (GC/O) analysis and sensory evaluation of 10 Cheddar cheese samples. The GC/O analysis identified 43 aroma components under the categories of 14 aroma descriptors. Consumer evaluation of palatability was performed by 59 housewives. Factor analysis of the GC/O data identified aroma descriptors that have positive or negative correlations with palatability scores. Twelve aroma components were prioritized using stepwise partial least-squares regression with variable importance in projection (PLS-VIP). An artificial neural network (ANN) model was constructed to demonstrate the nonlinear relationships among the raw GC/O data of the samples and the palatability scores. Coupling stepwise PLS-VIP and ANN resulted in successful identification and ranking of aroma components contributing to the palatability of Cheddar cheese, and in modeling their nonlinear relationships.